Thursday, November 16, 2017

Gen Doc Study Group 4 - Assembling Components into Clear Citations

I thought that I would have this post up early last week but I have had an awful cold that really knocked me flat! I wasn't even able to finish reading this chapter until Monday.

Anyway, now that things are returning to normal, I was able to finish the chapter and watch a replay of the hangout while reading the homework submitted by the panelists.

Chapter 4 - Assembling Components into Clear Citations

Jones, Thomas W. " Assembling Components into Clear Citations." In Mastering Genealogical Documentation, 37-48. Arlington, VA: National Genealogical Society, 2017.

Before a genealogist can assemble the components of their citation, they must understand the source that they are citing. Over the past few months, I have realized that I need a better understanding of one of the sources that I use frequently; Quebec church records. I hadn't known until recently that the church books are considered transcriptions. It just hadn't occurred to me not only because there are witness signatures at the end of each record, but because I recognize many of them. Some, because they appear in several records, some because I have other examples. Since I learned that these records are considered transcriptions I have looked more closely at the signatures on each record I consult and I have found a record with witness signatures that not only appear to be written in the same hand, they appear to be in the same hand as the rest of the record. In other words, they appear to be in the hand of the minister. This could be a complicated answer and I could devote a post to just this topic, but I'll wait until I have more information. In the meantime, I am researching the history of these records in more depth to see what I can find out about when priests and ministers would create the duplicate copies of these entries and which copy actually went to the civil authorities.

The topic of Quebec church records was actually discussed in this week's hangout because panelist Dave Robison used one of these records as an example in his homework. There was some discussion of the record itself, but mostly it was about the citation.

Also in the study group was a very interesting discussion about whether or not to include the website in citations for census and other widely available records. It turns out that at least some journals have been omitting this information for years. My opinion, based on the study group discussion (you can register and view here) and my own experience is that it depends on your audience and their knowledge of genealogical records and repositories and also on whether the repository matters to the quality of the image. For instance, in my own research, I have found more legible copies of some Canadian census records on the Library and Archives Canada website than on Ancestry. If I were citing one of those records, I might want to point the reader toward the more legible copy.

This is just one example of the most important point made in this chapter; clarity for the reader is the most important factor in assembling a citation. No rigid format, no one template is the answer for every citation. The researcher/author knows the source the best and must point the way for others but not in a one-size-fits-all manner.

As addressed in the Genealogy Standards(1), however, there is certain information that should always be captured in a citation, if known: who, what, where, when, and many times wherein.

I'm still very uncomfortable creating citations, but I'll give it a whirl with a document that should be straightforward enough.

Death Certificate of Benjamin Smith, my 2nd great-grandfather:

Both sides of the certificate copy with the citation digitally added in Paint.

Who - who created the document? State of New Jersey Bureau of Vital Statistics

What - What is the document? Death Certificate No. 1769

When - When was the document created? 1908

Wherein - Where in the death certificates of 1908 is the document? Benjamin Smith

Where[is] - Where is the document now? New Jersey State Archives, Department of State, Trenton.

So, those are my elements, here is the full citation.

     1. New Jersey Bureau of Vital Statistics, Death Certificate No. 1769 (1908), Benjamin Smith; New Jersey State Archives, Department of State, Trenton.

Most of the other examples I have are either privately held items or were the result of online research and I'm not feeling ready yet to get into online records, so I'll leave it at that for today, except to say, that the chapter covers much more material than I did here in my post. You'll learn a lot more from Dr. Jones and DearMYRTLE's panelists than you will from me, at least for now. So buy the book and watch the hangouts!

(1) Board for Certification of Genealogists, Genealogy Standards (Nashville, Tenn.:, 2014), 7, for standard 5, "Citation Elements."

Saturday, November 11, 2017

Private G.W. Smith

My mother brought me this photo recently with a few folders of papers that belonged to the subject, my grandfather, George Washington Smith.

On the back of the photo, in my mother's handwriting, it says 

May 1919 France
Private G.W. Smith
technical storekeeper

That's the first I've ever heard about my grandfather having that particular title/responsibility. The only story I'd ever heard before this was that he spent his 21st birthday (February 22, 1919) at a train station in France waiting to get back to his unit after delivering a truck back to its unit. In his WWII service file, there is a reference to the fact that he was a machine gunner in WWI, but my mother had never heard that.

In a few days, Library and Archives Canada will release another update on the scanning of WWI service files. I can't wait to learn how much closer they are to the Smiths!

Monday, November 6, 2017

Gen Doc Study Group - Week 3 - Citation Settings, Forms and Shortcuts

If someone had told me at the beginning of my genealogy journey that I would spend my Saturday genealogy time reading from The Chicago Manual of Style I probably would have asked them what they were smoking, but here we are. After reading Chapter Three of Dr. Jones' Mastering Genealogical Documentation and watching a replay of DearMYRTLE's Week Three Study Group, that's exactly what I did.

Nine years ago when I started my first Ancestry tree and tried to upload my own documentation for the first time, Ancestry wanted me to enter quite a bit of data including a citation. I gave it a shot, but I'm pretty sure I gave up on it; I wasn't really sure I was doing it right and it seemed pretty complicated. That pretty much sums up where I am with citations today but I'm hopeful that Dr. Jones' text will at least, as someone put it in the study group, make me more comfortable and confident.

I wouldn't have thought that it would make sense to teach shortened citations before full citations, but in some ways, it makes a lot of sense. The rules of shortening a citation - for the subsequent mentions of data items in a particular source - are not the same as the rules for full citations. And learning it this way, with examples and exercises that provide the full citation gives the reader exposure to full citations that are constructed properly.

Rules for shortening citations can be found in The Chicago Manual of Style, in Elizabeth Shown Mills' Evidence Explained and in Genealogy Standards. Shortening a citation requires that you take out as much information as possible for brevity, but leave enough for the reader to be able to remember and identify the source. 
Chicago Manual of Style, Evidence Explained, and Mastering Genealogical Documentation all give guidance as to how this can be accomplished, like:

  • Abbreviate titles
  • Include authors' surnames only
  • Do not change the word order of a title
  • Include the place, type of record, and time period
  • Omit the publication and repository information and the medium through which it was viewed

I am reading a book that I will write up in a future blog post. If I write about my possible 7th-great-grandfather who was mentioned in the book the citation would read:

     1. Atkinson, Jay, Massacre on the Merrimack: Hannah Duston's captivity and revenge in colonial America (Lyons Press: Guilford, Connecticut, 2015), 193

If I later wrote about the information contained in the book pertaining to Count Frontenac of New France and his campaign to terrorize English colonists, the citation would read:

     4. Atkinson, Massacre on the Merrimack, 82.

Something I am less sure of, here is a citation for a census record for my paternal grandmother's family in 1920. I should say that I did not use Evidence Explained to create the full citation when I used it in a blog post last year. I used the format I saw on what I believe to be a reliable blog.

1920 US Census, Manchester, Hartford Co., CT, population schedule p. 4B, dwelling 45/family 46, Carl Anderson household, digital image (http: accessed 15 Jan 2017); NARA microfilm T624, roll 181

If later in the same post, publication or report I were to cite a statement about their friends, the Olsons, it would read:

1920 US Census, Manchester, Hartford Co., CT, population schedule p. 27B, dwelling103/family 114, Charles Olson household. 

I am able to eliminate the medium through which I viewed the record and the microfilm publication and roll numbers because they are the same. Then again, I may not have needed the Ancestry information anyway. I have to watch again, but I think I understand from the Week 8 hangout that because census records are so widely available now, the website through which you viewed them is considered irrelevant. But don't quote me on that.

Shortening a citation when the source is referred to more than once is not the only way to save space in a post, report or article. Abbreviations, initialisms, and acronyms are another way and are discussed in detail in COMS and EE (see what I did there?).

Another very important point made in the study group and in all of these readings; when you are writing, always use the full citation each time until the final draft. That way you won't inadvertently use a shortened citation before the full citation if the order of your reference notes or citations changes along the way.

Settings, Forms, and Shortcuts are important building blocks in learning how to cite data in genealogical communications. But I do think I'll have to learn to write full citations before I really have confidence in my shortened ones.

Friday, November 3, 2017

Gen Doc Study Group - Week 2

I can't recommend DearMYRTLE's Gen Doc Study Group enough. This series is not just for beginners - anyone can learn something from this wonderful panel. The examples of work product that were shared in Week Two were fantastic and so interesting. Want to see an example of Dr. Jones' editing for the NGS Quarterly? Watch.

You can find DearMYRTLE's new blog, Myrt's Musings here - then click on Hangouts near the upper-right of the page. To register for upcoming hangouts, click on the NEXT Hangout tab, which usually has all of the hangouts for the current month. To register for past hangouts click on Archives. This is the best way to view the hangouts because you will be able to see the chat that occurred during the hangout and follow links to the panelists' homework and any other sites they discussed.

Chapter Two of Mastering Genealogical Documentation is "Noncitation Aspects of Genealogical Documentation." Dr. Jones not only brings his considerable experience to this chapter, he also weaves in content from The Chicago Manual of Style and Genealogy Standards.

There was a lot of great material in this chapter but the part that interested me the most was the section on reference note content; maybe because I have no experience with creating reference notes from multiple citations or that include notes about the data or the sources, etc.

Each chapter of Mastering Genealogical Documentation ends with a series of questions. In Chapter One the questions were only about the material in the text but in Chapter Two there were also exercises where Dr. Jones uses his own revised NGSQ (National Genealogical Society Quarterly) article as the reference.  So, having read the chapter twice, watched the hangout and read the panelists' homework, I completed the exercises which were helpful but left me wanting to explore a bit more.

Next I turned to the article that the NGSQ study groups will be discussing this month, Sue Hahney Kratch, "James Wesley Mooney of Will County, Illinois: Business Records Reveal His New York Family." from the September 2015 issue. The article and research were interesting, but it was the reference notes that I read with a new appreciation for their content. Previously, I only read the notes to get information about the sources, now I was looking to see how each note was constructed, how many citations were contained in each one and what additional information the author had given us in each note. I know it's mostly my inexperience talking, but wow, it certainly felt as if the research was the easiest part of this article!

As Dr. Jones explains in his Preface, this book is a text, not a reference like Elizabeth Shown Mills' Evidence Explained, and he is giving us the tools to craft citations no matter the source. The elements of Chapter Two are part of the foundation without which our documentation will utterly fail in its goals - communicating the qualities of the source, how to find the source and showing the scope of the genealogist's research.

Sunday, October 22, 2017

I Finally Visited My Local Family History Center!

Grave of Betsey Kezar, my 4th great-grandmother.
The book I read at the Family History Center traces her line
back to my 10th great-grandfather, George Keyser.

Nine years into family research and I have finally visited a Family History Center. Nine years! That tells me that I am not using the Family Search website enough. If I were, I'm sure I would have had a reason to visit before now.

A week or so ago I was trying in vain to catch up on my blog reading over lunch when a post I read suggested using Google Books in family history research. I have used Google Books in the past, but I'm sure I haven't searched for all of my ancestors, so I plugged in Moses Bean Hatley, the ancestor I wrote about in my last post and the name of the place he settled in Quebec, to see what I would get.

One of the books that came up on that search was available to view on Family Search but only from a Family History Center. So, it was finally time to make the arduous half hour journey to Plainview to check out the library.

What I found was more like a reading room than a traditional library. The main room was lined with bookshelves and file cabinets and also had three large tables; one where two volunteer staff members were helping researchers, one containing two desktop computers for public use and another table with internet connections for users who want to bring their own laptops to plug into the center's internet.

I was able to get on a public computer right away and, since no one was waiting for it, use it until I left.  I finished taking notes just as the daytime hours were ending, so I didn't have a chance to explore a lot or ask about the available resources. But I did see a shelf copy of The New York Genealogical & Biographical Society's New York Family History Research Guide and Gazetteer. That's a book I've been wanting for a couple of years now, but the $90 price was prohibitive, so I was excited to see that. 

From the conversations I was hearing behind me I gather there are some very serious researchers working regularly at that center. So, I'll have to borrow a laptop and get myself there again very soon.

I'll keep you posted and let you know when I make that grueling trip again.

Thursday, October 19, 2017

Gen Doc Study Group - Chapter 1

I wrote recently about DearMYRTLE's newest study group; seventeen Google+ Hangouts where she and several panelists (see this post for her announcement) are discussing each chapter of Mastering Genealogical Documentation by Thomas W. Jones.

To save a little money, I first purchased the Kindle edition of the book, but last week I had to admit that I just study better with a printed text and so I ordered the print version from NGS. Once it arrived, I reviewed the first chapter again, reread the homework submitted by the panelists and rewatched the first hangout. Now I am ready to put my thoughts on this chapter in writing.

The panelists for this study group have been asked to share only about a part of each chapter that speaks to them, both to respect copyright and for brevity, and I am going to do the same.

As Dr. Jones points out in his book, there are several reasons that "serious genealogists" document their findings. Crafting accurate citations forces us to analyze records deeply, it allows us and other researchers to find those sources again, it shows the quality of the records and the scope of the research and it even helps researchers to avoid plagiarism.

Grave of Moses Bean(e),
Lakeview Cemetery, No. Hatley, Quebec.

Moses Bean(e) was my fourth great-grandfather. We visited his former homestead and grave this summer. This line seems to be very well documented, appearing in at least four books that I have found online. One, in particular, I once thought would be the Holy Grail for a lineage I had seen in some Ancestry member trees taking me back at least 11 generations to my supposed 8th great-grandfather, John Bean of Exeter. He was a Scotsman and a prisoner in the English Civil War and was brought to the colonies and sold into indentured servitude in Exeter, New Hampshire. It took me a long time to find the book online and in one sense, it did not disappoint. The book was obviously a huge undertaking, a labor of love, I'm sure, for the author, a distant cousin. His genealogy took my line all the way from John Bean to my 2nd great-grandfather, Denison Bean of Compton, Quebec.

Denison M. Bean

But there were issues. I know a little something about genealogy now that I have found this book. I know I cannot take it at its word. I know I need to evaluate the evidence, examine citations, study those sources for myself. And there I was disappointed because there was nothing to evaluate, examine or study. Just vague references to archives and, as I was sad to discover this summer, an entire passage about Moses and his wife Elizabeth that matches a passage from an earlier work almost word for word.

One of the participants in the study group shared her experience with having a printed genealogy handed to her many years ago. It too was unsourced and it has taken her 30 years to verify that most of the information in it was indeed correct. Wouldn't it have been great if she could have spent those 30 years adding to the research instead? As much as I am looking forward to digging into some archives in New Hampshire, wouldn't it be great if I could as well?

I have to admit that if someone took over my research today, much of it would have to be verified independently from scratch too. Citations are missing, incomplete or not attached to the record they describe. I don't want to be that researcher. By the end of this study group, I hope that I will be a different researcher; a researcher who digs into her sources to understand them as completely as possible, who can follow even citations-in-progress back to their source, who can easily show others the quality and scope of her research and who shares only original, commonly known or well-attributed information in her conclusions.

Wednesday, October 18, 2017

Family History Month - Giving Back

Yep, that's me!

If you're someone who volunteers regularly, I applaud you, sincerely. I never seem to find the time to do so on a regular basis.

This weekend, though, I'm going to spend some time giving back to the genealogy community. I'll be joining with (so far) 59,220 others to index records at Family Search during this year's Worldwide Indexing Event (link here) from Friday through Sunday.

If you haven't indexed for Family Search in a while, you may see some changes. You are no longer tied to your desktop because indexing has moved to the cloud and is now accessible from most devices.

If you haven't indexed ever, please don't be intimidated. There is plenty of help on the website and you can take it at your own pace.  The records are fascinating and you know that you'll be helping other researchers connect with their families.

Since 2006, volunteers have made 1 Billion records searchable on Family Search - a truly breathtaking number but still only the tip of the iceberg - I'll be very interested to see how many records we can add during this event.

Monday, October 16, 2017

NGSQ Study Groups

Do you know about this benefit of National Genealogical Society membership?

NGS members not only have access to the quarterly journal and other publications (including an online digital archive) but we are also able to virtually meet with other genealogists and discuss some of the NGSQ articles together in a monthly study group.

As someone relatively new to the formal study of genealogy, I was very happy to read about the NGSQ study groups on a blog that I cannot remember now. There are currently four groups; the one I joined that meets the second Tuesday of the month at 8:00 p.m. Eastern time on Google+ Hangouts (headset and webcam required), two that meet on a chat platform and another in Second Life.

My first attempt to join was foiled by a technical glitch on my end, but I was able to join last Tuesday evening. A different glitch meant that I wasn't able to print the article until the day before the meeting and only had time to read it through once, so I just listened this time and followed along with the discussion which centered around a handful of questions that our moderator posted a few days ahead of time.

I always learn from reading journal articles, but the study group taught me a few more things, too. And of course,  just knowing that you are going to be part of a discussion gives your regular reading more focus.

No attendance is taken here, so don't hesitate to join just because you may not be able to make it every month. If you want to learn more, even if you aren't an NGS member at the moment, you can follow this link to the NGSQ Study Group page.

Maybe I'll see you there.

Tuesday, October 3, 2017

Tombstone Tuesday - George Washington Smith and Marjorie Elizabeth Dean

George Washington Smith, my maternal grandfather, was the 5th child and 4th son of George Robert Smith and Frances Isabella Parker. I'm sure I've mentioned here before that my grandfather, although Canadian, was named for America's first president because he was born on February 22nd to an American father.

He married Marjorie Elizabeth Dean, my grandmother, at Minton United Church in North Hatley, Quebec on August 10, 1935. Together they had one daughter, my mother, Janet Isabella.

My grandmother is not the only Dean buried in this large and pretty cemetery. Her aunt Maggie Dean and husband William Thompson are buried here as well as her uncle Robert Irwin Dean and his wife Georgie Talbot. Unfortunately we didn't get here early enough in the day to get help from the office in finding those graves this past visit.

Although my grandparents are buried at Elmwood Cemetery in Sherbrooke, Quebec, they are not in the large Smith plot. My grandfather and his younger brother bought adjoining plots in another section.

Tuesday, September 26, 2017

Tombstone Tuesday - Walter Herbert Smith and Marika Bey

Walter Herbert Smith was the youngest child of Orlando Chauncey Smith and Rachel Jeanne Frechette. He was born in Thetford Mines, Quebec on September 7, 1923.

Walter married Marika Bey sometime after World War II although I have not been able to find a date for the wedding so far. Together they had four children.

Although I did not know Mickey well, she was one of the few adults around whom I felt comfortable as a child and she still has a special place in my heart. We were able to see her only a few weeks before her passing in December of 2000.

Walter and Mickey are buried in the Smith family plot at Elmwood Cemetery in Sherbrooke, Quebec along with Walter's grandparents and parents and other relatives.

Tuesday, September 19, 2017

DearMYRTLE's GenDoc Study Group - Wednesdays at Noon Eastern

Tomorrow is the second session of DearMYRTLE's GenDoc Study Group where participants discuss Mastering Genealogical Documentation by Dr. Thomas W. Jones. The sessions are held live on Google Hangouts, Wednesdays at 12:00 pm Eastern Time. If you follow the link above, you will find the schedule of sessions through January 17, 2018.

Dr. Jones' book is not a replacement for Evidence Explained, but sort of a companion. As the author himself says, it is a textbook for citation creation where Evidence Explained is a reference manual.

I am not as far along in Dr. Jones' book as I thought I would be at this point, mostly because I was inspired to go back and reread Genealogical Standards and the first two chapters of Evidence Explained, but I'm actually excited to keep reading and learn more. I'm very hopeful that this textbook will help me to better understand how to create my own citations. It has bothered my for some time that I don't cite my sources here on my blog, but my posts would take four times longer to put together if I did. My goal is that by the time the study group is finished, that I will be able to go back post-by-post and cite any sources that I have shared in my posts.

Screenshot from YouTube

If you are interested in watching the Week 1 session, you can watch it easily on YouTube but you won't be able to see the comments of those who were watching or add to the conversation. To see that, you just have to register either through Google, Twitter, Facebook or LinkedIn. You can find the registration links for all of DearMYRTLE's September hangouts here.

There may be other places as well, but I know that you can buy Dr. Jones' book at the NGS webiste in softcover or at Amazon for Kindle.

I can't believe we'll be almost three weeks into next year when this group wraps-up, but I can't wait to see where the book and group together can take my knowledge of and comfort with creating citations in the next few months.

Tombstone Tuesday - George Robert Smith and Charlotte Codere

George Robert Louis "Bobby" Smith was the eldest child of my great-uncle, Orlando Chauncey Smith and his wife, Rachel (pronounced Rashelle) Frechette, who are also buried in this plot at Elmwood Cemetery in Sherbrooke, Quebec.

Bobby was born on June 14, 1919 in Thetford Mines, Quebec.

Bobby married Marie Blandine Charlotte Codère of Sherbrooke on October 17, 1942 at Église de Saint-Charles-Borromée in Beaulac-Garthby, Quebec. Together they had one daughter.

They are buried in the Smith family plot at Elmwood Cemetery in Sherbrooke, Quebec, with Bobby's parents and grandparents and other Smith relatives.

Tuesday, September 12, 2017

Tombstone Tuesday - Orlando Chauncey Smith and Rachel Jeanne Frechette

This week's post should have gone up last week, but I was a bit busy and stressed finalizing the sale (junking) of my old car and purchase of a new one. It was right here in this cemetery last month that it began to be obvious that I was going to have to make a decision about cars, as the steep hills proved to be a challenge for my transmission. My poor mother was worried that we wouldn't make it home to New York. Although I don't think we were in any danger of that, "My Car Died in This Cemetery" would have made a catchy title for a blog post. Anyway, now that's over I can get back to my ancestors.

These photos were taken at Elmwood Cemetery in Sherbrooke, Quebec.

Orlando Chauncey Smith was the second son of my great-grandparents, George Robert Smith and Isabella Frances Parker. His older brother Benjamin died at ten months old in 1889. Lannie, as he was known, was born about eighteen months later on July 7, 1891.

Lannie married Rachel Jeanne Frechette in Quebec City on November 5, 1918.  They had three children, two of whom are buried here with their wives.

Lannie died before I was born, but I can remember visiting Tante Rachel (pronounced like Rashelle) at her home down the street from my grandparents.

I don't have any photos of the two of them together. I'll have to remedy that one of these days.

This photo of Lannie and his youngest brother, William John White, was taken about 1914.

This photo was taken at my mother's graduation from Bishops University, also in Sherbrooke, in 1958. Aunt Rachel is in the dark coat.

Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Tombstone Tuesday - Lucy Hamilton Smith and Frederick Albert Sawer

I recently posted photos from our trip to Quebec and the two cemeteries that we were able to visit, including Elmwood Cemetery in Sherbrooke, Quebec. What you can't see in those photos, because I forgot to take a picture of the entire plot, is that my great-grandparents are buried in a large plot for 12 people.

Buried with George and Isabelle are three of their children, the spouses of two of those children and the two sons of their eldest son, both with their wives, leaving one spot empty.

Lucy Hamilton Smith was the oldest of George and Isabella's children and named for her maternal grandmother, Lucy A.B. Hamilton, who had passed away in 1881. Lucy was born when the family lived in Buckingham, with her maternal grandfather, George Lakin Parker.

Lucy married Frederick Albert Sawer on December 4, 1918 in Thetford Mines, Quebec. They had no children but doted on their nieces and nephews.

Unfortunately for me, I never knew Aunt Lucy and Uncle Fred who died in early and late 1964 before I was born. I wish I had known them though, just from pictures I sense that Aunt Lucy was a very interesting person!

Friday, August 25, 2017

City Directories at BAnQ and the short life of Norman Parker Smith

Finding the burial record of my great-uncle, Norman Parker Smith, brought the events of his short life into focus for me.

Quebec church records don't seem to have any consistency in terms of content. This one is a gift because in a time well before civil death records, the Minister chose to include Norman Parker's cause of death, which is very unusual in my experience. Norman Parker died of infantile debility, his little body was not absorbing the nutrients from his food and he wasted away.

Still perplexed by his baptism in Montreal just eight days before his death and the fact that the witnesses did not include his father, I began to wonder if his illness could explain it. Unlike an illness such as influenza which would strike quickly, infantile debility could have given Norman's family time to seek medical help; specialists, perhaps hospitalization.

But there was one more question to answer, and for that I would need help from city directories. I knew that there was a time that the Smiths were living both in Montreal and Thetford Mines and they were enumerated in Montreal in the 1911 census, so that could have explained the Montreal baptism, but were they there as early as 1903?  Luckily, as I pointed out in my previous post , the digital online collections at BAnQ include the Lovell directories from 1848-2010.

I began my search for George Robert Smith, my great-grandfather, in the 1902 directory but this entry from the 1910-1911 edition was the earliest I could find for him, so the family was very likely not here yet in 1903.

That timeline matched with my current theory which is this: That Norman Parker Smith was born at home in Thetford Mines, Quebec on July 26, 1903 into a growing family of two sisters, and three brothers. At some point it became apparent that he was not physically well and the local doctor was unable to either pinpoint a cause or to offer treatment.

I don't know of any photos of Norman Parker.
Shown here are George Robert Smith and Isabella Frances Parker with their youngest child, William John White Smith.
It may have been on the doctor's recommendation that my great-grandmother boarded the train for Montreal with her baby to seek the help of a specialist. The death of another son, Benjamin, in 1889 could not have been far from her mind.

Whether they were in Montreal for weeks or days I don't know, but at some point the reality of Norman Parker's condition and the probable outcome must have set in. My great-grandmother took him to be baptized at St. Gabriel's Presbyterian church on November 10, 1903 without even her husband by her side and only eight days later, at the age of three months, twenty-two days, little Norman Parker was gone.

Then Isabella Frances, and for some reason I see this as her decision, made the difficult choice to send her baby 250 miles away so that he could be buried, not all alone in a local cemetery, but with his brother Benjamin and their grandmother, Lucy Hamilton Parker.

At the burial service only Norman's father and grandfather, George Lakin Parker, signed the church book. Perhaps Isabella was there, or perhaps she was too grief-stricken to make the long trip and bury another son. She did have a household to run and five other children from 16-4 years old. Maybe it was just time to turn her attention back to them and find comfort in their company and love.

There are still more records to be found to verify Benjamin's birth and burial, but I can't see my great-grandmother burying Norman in Buckingham if Benjamin weren't there already.

Whether or not Benjamin and Norman Parker ever had headstones I don't yet know but I am definitely looking forward to my next trip to Ottawa, and making my way to Buckingham, now Gatineau, to pay my respects to the Parkers and Smiths at St. Andrew's Cemetery. On our recent trip to Quebec, we were able to pay our respects to George and Isabella.

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

BMS2000 and BAnQ-Finding Norman Parker Smith Online - Pt II

BMS2000 is a website originally started by five Quebec genealogical societies, for their private use, to make a database of birth, marriage, and burial (Bapteme, Marriage et Sepulture) records. The site has since been made public and now includes contributions from 24 member societies.

BMS2000 is a pay site if you don't belong to a member society and want to see details about the records (though in most cases, not the records themselves), but it is very inexpensive. For me, it was cheap at twice the price.

Anyone can do a search on the site, and without vouchers you'll get a result like this (click to expand for detail):

Searching for Maggie Dean as the Child in a baptism in Waterville, Quebec with no year entered gave me the result above. To see more, I would have to pay. For $20 Canadian (current rate is about 80 cents on the US$ I believe), you get 200 vouchers, so basically ten cents per record viewed. I've searched for many records here now and am still on my first $20.

Once I paid and searched for Maggie again, I was able to see this:

So, could I get an actual record or record image? I think if you can identify the society who is responsible for the record (as circled above) you can contact them. The codes seem to correspond to the societies listed on the site's home page. Except for this one. I had to email twice to find out who that might be. So, in the meantime, I took another route. While I was looking at a search result for the marriage of my Smith great-grandparents in that elusive church in Buckingham, I saw something that wasn't on Maggie's record:

"Complete listing at the ANQ in Qc. The index of licenses on sale at the SGQ."

So what were the ANQ and SGQ? The more accurate acronym for the ANQ is BAnQ, Bibliotheque et Archives Nationals du Quebec, the National Library and Archives of Quebec. The SGQ is the Societe de genealogie de Quebec, the Quebec Genealogical Society. I chose to explore the former.

A few points about this site before we proceed:

Keep in mind that this index is being created by volunteers from twenty-four different local historical societies in Quebec. I think that is why there is more detail on one record, less on another. Just something to keep in mind in terms of accuracy.

Also, make sure to print or otherwise save your search results. If you want to print, from inside the pop-up with the record details, choose "Retain this record".  Then, from the left of your screen you can print individually, by retaining only one record at a time, or from everything you've retained during that session, by waiting to the end. The next time you log on, the records may not be there, so be sure to save your records before logging out. Otherwise you will have to pay again. I may have missed something, but I don't think I saw that spelled out clearly on the site.

So, as I said, my next step was to visit the BAnQ website. This website is in french as you would expect and their translate button won't work for everything, but it isn't too difficult to get past that.

After clicking on the English option in the upper right, the image above is what the BAnQ homepage looks like. From here, click on Explore Our Contents which will give you a large drop-down menu (that I couldn't capture). In the center column is an item "Digital Collection", choosing that will bring you to this page:

The third row has two collections, the "Lovell directories of Montreal and its suburbs" and "Quebec registers of civil status, from the beginnings to 1913" - these are the church records - images from the civil copies of the church books. Choosing that option will bring you here"

This screen illustrates why you may still need or want to visit BMS2000 before coming to BAnQ. There is no index for these records here. In order to use this site effectively you need to know the name of the church, or the region or district, or be willing to dig in for a longer search. I've had luck finding regions and districts for towns in my research on Wikipedia. Searching by parish (paroisse) can be tougher unless you know the name of the church.

Entering Maggie's information from BMS; Waterville Congregational Church and the year 1872, led me right to her record.

And next for the Smiths - would I find records here from St. Andrew's Presbyterian church in Buckingham? My heart was beating out of my chest and I swear I was hardly breathing.

It was disappointing to see that only records from 1900 - 1914 were available since most of the events in my family took place before that and one after, but, oh, Norman Parker, I thought to myself, and clicked on 1903. It seemed to take forever to scroll through to events in November, and then there he was:

I was so grateful to find this record and I'm looking forward to a visit to Montreal and BAnQ (who have suspended digitization efforts for the time being due to budget cuts) to find more records.

Next time, another record collection at BAnQ and my conclusions about Norman Parker's short life.

Sunday, August 20, 2017

How I Found Norman Parker Smith in Online Records - Pt I

Benjamin and Norman Parker Smith were two of my maternal grandfather's brothers. They died in infancy in 1889 and 1903 in Quebec. Finding their graves was an eight year search that began when I knew absolutely nothing about genealogical research.

When I first realized that, unlike my grandfather and the rest of his siblings, I could not locate Benjamin and Norman's graves, I had no online memberships. I stumbled on and later, there were free resources at Library and Archives Canada and, of course, there was Google.

Google led me to a cemetery where my great-grandmother's relatives were buried and I had hopes of finding records because the cemetery was associated with a church, but I had no luck. Once I had an Ancestry World membership I was able to search the records of the Insitut Genealogique Drouin who had filmed the civil copies of church books in all denominations in Quebec, but still I found nothing for the babies. The collection did not include the records of that church in Buckingham and somehow Norman Parker had no records that I could find even though he was born after the family had moved to Thetford Mines, about 250 miles to the east. I knew a Canadian research trip was needed but couldn't find the right time. I moved on to other research and genealogy activities.

One day, much to my surprise, Ancestry provided me with a hint about Norman Parker. It was his baptismal record from a church in Montreal, a place that was completely unexpected.

The names and dates in the record were a match, though, and sadly he was baptized only eight days before his death as recorded in the family Bible. I thought that meant his burial record would be in this same church book, but he was not buried from this church.

Years went by again, and it was Spring 2017. The Dean family (also of Quebec) reunion was coming fast. I began researching the children of my 2nd great-grandparents. My great-grandfather and three of his siblings were baptized at the same church, according to church records, but I couldn't find a record for the fifth. Further searches showed that the book for Maggie Dean's likely year of baptism was not in the collection on Ancestry. I knew I wasn't going to make it to Canada for research before the reunion but were there online resources that I was missing? Did someone else have these records online? It dawned on me how much of a beginner I was when I started researching Quebec ancestors and how many records come online every week now. I needed to approach my search like a beginner. I needed to start from scratch but with my eight years of experience behind me.

I remembered the DearMYRTLE Beginner's Series in 2015. Practically the first thing DearMYRTLE mentioned was the Family Search Wiki, which I had turned to since then when researching a new area. And so that is where I went, and the very first link I clicked showed me that it might be possible to find these records from my desk on Long Island. BMS2000 had indexed a baptismal record for Maggie Dean at the Waterville Congregational Church in 1872. I was on my way!

To be continued.

Friday, August 18, 2017

The Case of the Vanishing Headstone

If I were playing Randy Seaver's Saturday Night Genealogy Fun from last month, I would now be able to go back in in an unbroken chain of headstones to my 4th great-grandparents, Moses Quimby Bean and Elizabeth Kezar (pronounced Kee-zer with the emphasis on the first syllable). This cemetery, as I wrote about last week, sits on property set aside by Moses for this purpose and was called the Bean Burial Ground in some church records.

Moses Bean
Oct. 19, 1825
Ae 52 yrs 8 mo

Betsey Kezar
Wife of
Moses Beane
Oct. 25, 1830
Ae 54 yrs 7 mo

I may also have another set of 4th-great-grandparents buried here, but more research is needed to verify that. Of course, I had planned to photograph their headstones anyway since this cemetery isn't exactly around the corner from me. But when we got here, there were no signs of any headstones for Isaac Gordon and Mariam Wells.

They were listed on but my mother and I walked the thankfully small cemetery twice and had no luck finding them. Once home I logged onto the site and saw that the compiler had last updated this cemetery in 2004, so it was certainly possible given the age of the stones and the condition of some of those in the cemetery where repairs, sinking and leaning were evident, that Isaac and Mariam's headstone(s) had been lost to time.

Next I contacted Leslie Nutbrown, who had transcribed this cemetery, because I knew that he sometimes transcribed from photos, and I was in luck, he had a photo and sent it to me right away.

Used with permission of the photographer,
Leslie Nutbrown, who transcribed the stones in this cemetery in 2004.

Isaac Gordon
Nov. 25, 1853
Aged 74 Yrs.
Mariam Wells
His Wife
Died Mar 19, 1862
Aged 74 Yrs.
6 Mo. 4 Dys.

I still look at this photo and shake my head that a monument this seemingly sturdy could just disappear. But the property does lie on a busy road. In the time that we were there, many trucks flew past us hauling lumber and other cargo towards the border. I would imagine that kind of activity produces a lot of vibration that could be damaging to these monuments, and if it had been leaning like a similar family monument here, I guess it could very well have toppled over and broken apart.

Contacting the local historical society is near the top of my genealogy to do list. I hope they can help me learn about the cemetery and tell me who maintains it now.

Monday, August 14, 2017

Best Laid Cemetery Plans

It looks like I accidentally deleted my pre-reunion post detailing my plans for visiting cemeteries in Quebec and the contents of my new cemetery kit, so I'll review it a bit here.

Before heading home from last week's reunion, Mum and I had hoped to visit six cemeteries to pay our respects to our ancestors and photograph their headstones. Our previous attempt three years ago had to be called for weather when the area was hit with six inches of snow the night before our arrival.


Well, you know about best laid plans, right? I still think we could have completed our mission, but we chose to spend some extra time with our cousins instead. There was also one cemetery we decided to skip on this trip because the cemetery didn't respond to my inquiries for plot numbers before we left, and it is a big cemetery.

As I packed my clothes and other necessities, I also assembled a cemetery kit in a large knapsack on wheels. Inside were:

First aid kit that included a whistle and compass
Bug spray (containing Deet due to a bad tick season in the area)
Lint rollers (to check ourselves for ticks, they can be very small)
Long dishwashing gloves (again, tick protection)
Gardening gloves
Exam gloves just because I had some
Pruning shears
Cardboard wrapped in foil for directing sunlight on hard to read stones (a large mirror would also work but I was trying to reduce weight)
Soft paint brush for removing dirt from lettering
Spray bottle filled with plain water which I had heard can sometimes enhance the lettering on stone if it is difficult to read/photograph.
Old throw pillow covered in plastic tarp for kneeling on while trimming any overgrowth around flat stones or foot stones.
Crate for sitting on to take photos at the level of the stone.
Extra memory card for camera.
Extra/rechargeable batteries for camera.
Directions because I didn't have cell service in Canada, printed lists of stones, extra paper and pen all on a clipboard.

I also had soft cleaning brushes with me from cleaning Donald's grandmother's headstone, something his parents wanted us to do. We hadn't planned to use them, but we did decide to remove some of the lichen from my great-grandparent's stone. It is a thick, sturdy stone and was practically illegible when we got there. I know that scrubbing stones is controversial and there are plenty of stones we saw and visited that we would not have touched, but this one in particular we thought would be okay. If both of us hadn't had sore backs that day, we probably would have gotten a better result.

George R. Smith M.L.C./Feb 17 1860-Feb 20,1922
Isabella F. Smith/Aug 12 1868-Feb 20 1940

I still had to spray the stone with plain water to get it this legible. I'm not sure if we're going to leave it at this point, or try again with the soft brushes and water on our next visit. I'm sure the stone can take it, but I don't want to damage the raised lettering.

Even though this plot is in the same cemetery as my grandparents, I only remember visiting my great-grandparents once before and had forgotten that George's foot stone included the Masonic symbol, or that he was even a Mason.

All three of these stones must have been something to see when they were new. I hope we can figure out a way to keep them legible and looking as my great-grandparents wanted without harming them.
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